Intel menacing: ARM CPU to speed up the pace of the replacement for the Apple and Samsung

ARM CEO said in an interview this week that the smart phone and tablet PC market incentive competition, forcing chip makers have to accelerate the release of new processor speed.

In the field of smart phones, in addition to Apple, Samsung and HTC and other mobile phone manufacturers from the Android camp, also have issued annual pace followed a flagship device to compete with better screen, faster CPU, bigger RAM in order to attract more consumers to buy their products.

And the market most of the flagship smartphones, mostly from ARM processors all company solutions. ARM CEO Simon Segars this representation, and as such, competition has become increasingly fierce, they also have to accelerate the introduction of more new chip.

“We have been trying to provide higher performance and use the best process technology chip, and want to have the best power design.” Simon Segars added.

Accelerated, Cortex-A72年内或可登场

As we all know, basically today we have contacted a smart phone are inseparable from each contribution ARM, even with their own chip design known as Samsung, Apple and Qualcomm, also through authorized after ARM, and then customize the adjustment and optimization, in order to more adapted to the specific use of phones and tablets. Now, however, in addition to Apple, most manufacturers are used directly in the public version of the ARM design.

As mentioned a faster ARM chip design major, it means that the program has been released some chips soon have finished device. For example, in March this year, the official announcement of the new high-performance ARM Cortex-A72 architecture, it is expected to occur before the end of this year on new equipment for production issues to consider, get together and equipped with the chip mobile device, it might wait until the first half of next year before It will debut.

In fact, Cortex-A72 is also the birth earlier than expected. The current mainstream flagship chip architecture used mostly Cortex-A57, ARM from 2012 originally released to production, probably spent nearly three years. Cortex-A72 Cortex-A57 is the next generation upgrade products, if this can be mass production, then that ARM has accelerated the rate more than doubled.

Unfortunately, Simon Segars not yet made any comment on the Cortex-A72 chip plan, but he acknowledged that ARM has indeed accelerated the chip design work, CPU design is one of the causes of the increase. In addition, the CEO also said that in addition to the CPU part, ARM is considering improving the memory and speed of data exchange between components.

Intel is the biggest threat

Typically, Apple every 12 months for the introduction of a whole new generation of the iPhone, the new A-series processors, including CPU portion of the chip, connectivity and graphics processing unit and other modules. ARM If annual periodic upgrade plan, just to catch up with Apple’s pace, why ARM is that?

In the high-tech sector, many manufacturers have become accustomed to the pace of upgrading PC product line, usually every year or every 18 months. In this regard, focusing on the field of PC research institutions Mercury Research, Dean McCarron, principal analyst believes, ARM sure that the smart phone industry to meet every six months or one-year update cycle.

The analyst’s remarks in fact justified. A few years ago, a faster update cycle, so ARM has been leading its main rival Intel, but the small number of chip Intel designed for mobile devices. However, in the past two years to speed up the update rate suddenly Intel mobile chips, even at the delayed release of the PC market, the pace of new CPU, the purpose is to strive to break the long-term ARM in the mobile market hegemony.

Intel this year released two codenamed Merrifield and Moorefield’s Atom family of chips, while earlier this year, Intel chips, code-named Sofia, has officially shipped. Sofia is the Intel chip factory and domestic cooperation Rockchip chip, more importantly, time is only a few months, then will complete the chip design.

Next year, Intel released a more high-end Atom chips, code-named Broxton. The chip’s scary is completely modular design, similar to the ARM current design, so Intel can reduce the time and cost of innovation, not only can quickly modify the Intel chips, but also easier to customize products.

Overall, the market is more competitive, a direct result of the new chip to market faster, but the chip design manufacture is a very complex business, how fast the chip upgrade cycle also remains to be seen.

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AP reflection from the CPU to the course – Multiple product lines insurance Advantages

South Korea’s Samsung and other multinational companies, unable to establish a distinct segment of Chinese millet, India’s Micromax and other local brands, local brands and create a significant gap between the high profit margins.

The global smart phone manufacturers no longer spirited, revealing a fact: Smart mobile phone industry has begun to enter the plateau. Analysis of AP (Application Processor) development to date, is gradually facing the development of peak CPU was the bottleneck.

Samsung 2014 fourth quarter revenue decline, emerging markets appear aggressive challenger, like the Chinese mainland market, Micromax India millet and other Sony in Japan after having stripped PC, TV and video business, CEO Hirai Kazuo February this year said they did not rule out withdrawing from the mobile phone business, other vendors like Google, in 2012 after the completion of acquisition of Motorola, and resold in 2014 mobile phone unit to China’s Lenovo.

Under these events at first glance, not connected between each other, but a fact revealed: Smart mobile phone began to enter the plateau.

Policy dilemma specifications, brands and values ​​of

In the development of pan-semiconductor technology, regardless of computing performance, energy efficiency and screen display technology, are adequate development, making the order, the mainstream mobile devices are compared to a few years ago has made significant progress, but also caused high-end products more difficult to have prominent place on specifications, not only on the performance only slightly better, it is to enhance the specifications in order to establish product differentiation costly, so the only multinational manufacturers use high specification components and build high-priced flagship product.

Observation of this year MWC display products, whether HTC M9 or Samsung S6 / S6 Edge, not surprisingly, have the same eight-core application processor (AP), 2K QHD resolve the above ultrahigh-screen, high-capacity RAM, the upper pixel camera module and other peripheral Feature Spec attempt to attract consumers favor.

Specifications difficult to highlight, we can only rely on the brand blessing, but in addition to Apple sui generis brand, Samsung and other multinational manufacturers and unable to establish distinct segments and millet, Micromax and other local brands, let alone by a little brand advantage and create a significant gap between domestic brands and the high profit margins.

Product specifications difficult to highlight the brand image is difficult to establish, so that the system policy makers faced a dilemma impulse or evaluated, the former through the main machine sea tactics, the low-end products, has not been attempted before local brands a threat to the economies of scale repression its growth, but earnings momentum weakened; the latter, by the advantages of size, opened the product gap, an attempt by the flagship product advantages, grab the high-end market, to achieve a higher margin of profit, loss of revenue, but I am afraid that the size and market share rate.

The above analysis, barely visible from its peak 10 years ago, PC makers into the bottom of the historical context.

Reflections on the future direction of AP development process from CPU

PC development so far, WinTel has become the only giant, Intel makers of PC hardware specifications of products, in addition to Apple Mac products separate country, Dell, HP and other PC industry has been unable to leading PC products.

Further analysis of Intel development context, when the PC is growing fast, mainly rely on constant technological breakthroughs and innovation specifications, but move into the 4 Ghz frustrated, unable to attract users and multi-core and setbacks.

Unable to significantly enhance the specification and lack of innovation to attract consumers on the occasion, Intel by simplifying product lines to maintain strategic advantage, namely the advantages of advanced process through the gap formed by the backward, and through the mass production of homogeneous products to amortization development and manufacture of the high cost burden required to form a cost advantage of scale economy, and thus obtain high profits to continue research and development, but also in response to a loss of malignant latecomers competitive bidding for the market.

AMD encountered difficulties, is unable to form long-term advantages of product specifications and amortization wafer shipments can not develop the high cost, although there are outstanding technical grab short-term profits, but was unable to accumulate into the overall advantage, neither afford the high research and development, it is difficult attract investment, and ultimately to sell works the road, even in the face of mergers and acquisitions considerations.

AP Analysis Today, increasingly face a bottleneck CPU development was the peak, when calculating the above 2Ghz clock and eight-core computing infrastructure benefits Specifications, wafer process also used with Intel competing with TSMC, Samsung and other advanced manufacturing process, as is the R & D through high Cost to build to meet most users’ needs component products, is not a sufficient shipments That way it can not be maintained long-term risk of cable operations.

From the sale of Infineon’s wireless unit in 2010 to Intel, Broadcom exit phone mobile communications chips in 2014 and a number of the company’s strategy to run, has been highlighting its development context, but by the government of mainland China to support its semiconductor industry influence, leading AP industry still contending, competing head illusion.

Selling point of breakthrough elements

Further analysis of the old CPU development context facing plateau or can provide strategic direction for future consideration of the AP.

First, the creation of high-end products to be indicative advantage, though only in high-end CPU core clock and peripheral performance than midrange products, it has been enough to attract the high-end gamers or consumers, and a brand spillover effects excellent performance, useful in order main products.

The main products for profit in order, on the one hand and high-end products as possible using the same process, to research and development costs and amortization inherited performance specifications, obtain cost advantages, as the Cash Cow major business.

As for the low-end products will inevitably have to give up because the price is difficult to create a competitive advantage, especially AP unit price far lower than CPU, low-level AP was unable to create clear spread, system products industry can also be changed to compensate surrounding specification spread, even choose to compete in order AP Started by-product market.

Unlike industry competition component products, systems, products industry If you can not get a strong brand such as Apple, have to face more intense price competition, starting faster, more flexible and more diverse product line to meet the changes in consumers.

However, even if it is difficult to run a huge international manufacturers of complex product lines, and therefore can be seen from the main PC market multinational manufacturers and large commercial market access, domestic industry aimed at the consumer market and regional channels.

Moreover, highly sophisticated components of a product but also to small industry development opportunities. As leading through prototype Intel PC product specifications, Qualcomm and MediaTek Turnkey Solution through product development to reduce the burden on the system, to allow system operators to reach a rapid development process, or on the periphery of the main R & D specifications.

Opportunities and threats Taiwan plant

Industrial development so far, on the one hand at the upstream end components simplify product lines, with high specification, standardization and a large volume production of major components to reduce costs and improve critical key performance; on the other hand, by individual niche and regional characteristics, to meet the needs of different market side, forming the narrow width of the flask industrial development.

Taiwan’s industry, the industry after an upstream element is still in hot pursuit of a global leader, and to get rid of the threat of latecomers in China, downstream systems industry is still no penetration of individual niche markets and emerging countries in the region, will be smart phones into the plateau may major strategic policy considerations.

Graphene is expected to lift multivariate mobile industry innovation

Scientists and industry experts believe that graphene has the potential to subvert the entire mobile market, multivariate. The future is expected to appear flexible, transparent computer screen, using low-cost thin-film graphene desalination, manufacture low-cost, high-performance solar panels, or developed within minutes of full charging electric high-performance lightweight batteries. However, experts also advise, graphene technology is still in the initial development stage, many of the relevant technology is not yet commercial production use.

Experts Roni Peleg pointed graphene graphene (graphene) is a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice (2D) carbon atoms, a thickness of only a carbon atom, the hardness of steel is 200 times, 100 times the electrical conductivity is of silicon, is Best known electrically and thermally conductive material, and having excellent optical properties.

Graphene currently high price, but after the improvement of production technology, the future is expected to reduce production costs, because the raw material is a carbon atom widespread in nature.

Graphene future is expected to significantly applied to mobile devices. High-performance graphene battery can be fully charged within a few minutes, and more durable than conventional lithium-ion batteries. In addition, graphene can also be used to make the mobile device the composite material, reducing device to reduce the volume and weight, but also for the manufacture of flexible, transparent touch screens, and even beyond to make tiny silicon chip speed chip .

Graphene is also expected to set off a revolution in the battery industry. Earlier in 2015, US technology companies XG Sciences show a new generation of silicon graphene anode material for lithium ion batteries. The new battery capacity is four times the normal battery, first cycle efficiency of up to 85 to 90%, and the battery life is 2 times the previous generation battery.

Nokia (Nokia) also put graphene cell research, the patented automatic charging of graphene-based photonic battery, printed on flexible substrates (flexible substrates), and after discharge, can immediately automatically charged with wet air. Graphene 3D Lab United States even proposed the concept of 3D printing graphene battery, appearance and size can be customized appearance of the mobile device battery. However, graphene battery is still in the experimental stages of development, a conservative estimate of at least 2 years will not be volume production.

Spain Graphenea company study found that alumina ceramics added graphene, can reduce fracture probability of 50%, upgrade to 100 million times more conductive. Graphenea believes that this method can also be applied on the SiC (silicon carbide), silicon nitride (silicon nitride), titanium dioxide (titania), and zirconium dioxide (zirconia) and other materials.

University of Minnesota (University of Minnesota) and Hawaii Company Adama Materials jointly developed a graphene durable plastic polymer, the researchers say, adding small amounts of graphene in plastic, plastic hardness can be enhanced by 2.5 times. Currently available in sporting goods has seen the application of graphene materials, such as lightweight but high hardness skis, bicycle tires, helmets, etc., Peleg believes graphene technology used in mobile devices is just a matter of material.

In addition, the current market touch screen much more expensive than indium tin oxide (ITO) based transparent conductor technology. However, ITO does not apply to the display interface elasticity and expensive, while graphene is currently the most promising application technology.

Compared to the silver material, graphene optical characteristics more suitable display technology. Great Luhui Rui Technology is developing graphene deformed touch screen for mobile devices. Hui Rui Technology, said graphene cheaper than ITO, more robust, the company expects the next three years will invest $ 150 million development of this technology.

Mexican Greek mainland Chongqing Science and Technology, is also to build 15-inch graphene film production line, mass production is expected to soon, is also the electronic Yang Dongguan Machinery Co., Ltd. signed, planned over the next five years will produce 10 million per year graphite alkenyl transparent conductive film (transparent conducting films; TCF), a mobile device touch screen material.

Peleg notes that graphene has the potential to replace silicon, a raw material for the next generation of chips and electronic products. Graphene small size and having excellent conductivity, graphene chip processing speed than the silicon chip much faster, and better efficacy.

However, graphene chip technology is still in its infancy, there is still some distance away from production. Intel is working graphene transistors, while the report notes that there are still many years away from the stage of technical maturity. IBM is expected in the next five years, betting $ 3 billion developing the next generation of chips, hoping to find replace silicon material technology solutions.

University of California for the first time with a bionic neurons analog chips perform tasks

Electronic chip simulation of the human brain has not really new things –IBM was released last year to reach production levels of synaptic analog chips SyNAPSE– but to say that with such a brain chip to perform the task, then also yet precedent. But the University of California, Santa Barbara researchers have broken the deadlock. They used one of the most basic, only 100 synapses bionic chip, execution and completion of the human brain, the most typical tasks – image recognition. This is the first time in human history.

The use of memory-based resistance (memristor) technology to avoid visual interference and identify letters, somewhat similar to the human point of view to identify friends in the crowd as a whole. Traditional computers can certainly accomplish this bionic task, but the price is extremely expensive needs to be configured, and the performance of the chip prominent exception.

University of California, Santa Barbara research experiments with real human wisdom comparable to highly complex neural computer apparently there are still a considerable distance. For example, you want to achieve when you see a scene which can actively aware of the discord, we must not only a deeper understanding of the principles of neural response, but also the need for more support artificial synapses. Of course, all this should be just a matter of time.

Scientists believe that in the near future there will be a system of conventional processors and memory resistor network composed of, and help people solve complex tasks. And finally, a fully bionic chip to build computing devices, will provide real intelligent navigation applications in the future for humanity, and for diagnostic medical imaging systems.

A wearable company how to achieve net profit of nearly $ 200 million?

From two people to 500 people, the company has gone through eight years. Wearable device manufacturers Fitbit is seeking listing on the NYSE under the ticker symbol “FIT”, lead underwriter Morgan Stanley, Deutsche Bank and Merrill Lynch.

This may be last in the field of wearable most exciting news, especially for the thousands of wearable start-ups, Fitbit is expected to become the first wearable device for the core business of the listed companies.

Fitbit Founded in October 2007, is headquartered in San Francisco, co-founded by the JamesPark and EricFriedman, Park served as the company’s CEO, Friedman served as CTO. The company currently has 579 employees, which has a number of subsidiaries worldwide, its China head office is located in Shanghai.

According to the US CNET reports, Fitbit after five previous financing, received a total of more than 8,300 million dollars in funding. And last December, Bloomberg is the first exposure for this brand of wearable plan 2015 IPO, for now, Fitbit is well to advance this process.

This wearable device manufacturer main products include intelligent bracelet (Flex, Force, Charge, ChargeHR), Exercise Tracker (Zip, One), intelligent scales (Aria), and launched at the end of its first Smart Watch Surge. These products are priced between $ 60 -250 dollars in more than 50 countries and regions, 45,000 retail outlets, sales on retailer websites and Fitbit website.

According to its submission, as of March 31, 2015, Fitbit sold more than 20.8 million devices. In the past four years, its sales revenue were tested at least 200% of soaring state, and since last year profitability. 2011 – Specific financial figures 2014 are as follows:

Sales were 200,000 units, 1.3 million units, 4.5 million units, 10.9 million units;

Revenue was $ 14.5 million, $ 76.4 million, $ 271.1 million and $ 745.4 million;

Net profit (net loss), respectively, a net loss of $ 4.3 million, a net loss of $ 4.2 million, a net loss of $ 51.6 million and net profit of $ 131.8 million;

Before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization were a net loss of $ 4,000,000, a net loss of $ 2.4 million, net profit of $ 79 million and net profit of $ 191 million.

It’s hard to believe that this is a wearable brand achieved sales performance. While wearable from concept to stir four or five years now, but so far the lack of “explosion models”, the lack is called “demand” or “killer” function or application. Fitbit can achieve such a result now, perhaps even involved in the field of wearable major brands such as Samsung, Microsoft, Google and even Apple should envy, not to mention those startups brand.

First-mover advantage

As a pioneer, Fitbit has accumulated a good reputation in the past few years (although due to allergy issues wristbands recalled FitbitForce) and early users.

Fitbit is one of the first to enter the field of wearable start-up brands, and Nike +, Jawbone, Pebble almost around the feet (Nike + later withdrew smart bracelet hardware market, focusing on software development movement). And it’s the best market performance. According to statistics NPDGroup of 2014 in dollar terms Fitbit device occupies Fitness Tracker 68% market share, compared with 2013 increased by 10 percentage points. This means that both the Jawbone, or later step of Garmin, Misfit and other brand’s market share, are subject to the Fitbit squeezed.

This broad product portfolio with the Fitbit has a certain relationship, which is currently in the sale or the sale of products, including the upcoming opening of our mention in addition Force’s new and existing products, prices covering the 60-250 dollar market. In comparison, Jawbone, Misfit these new brands is relatively simple.

Product iterations fixed, the whole platform support

Release from the CES2013 Flex start, Fitbit open its own smart bracelet mode, in October 2013 launched the second generation smart bracelet Force, launched by the end of 2014 and ChargeHR Charge smart bracelet, this product release rhythm guarantees Users have fixed expectations.

Currently, I experienced Flex, Force and Charge This three smart bracelet, very clear feeling is: Fitbit uses a progressive design upgrades and upgrade, if coupled with the upcoming ChargeHR, this law is more obviously.

For example, no screen design from Flex, Flex to Force representing an increase of a monochrome OLED screen to show movement, sleep data to Charge increase compared Force Caller ID, then ChargeHR representing Charge new heart rate monitor function. The same is true design, the main design language will not change much, but every generation than the previous generation have minor changes, although such changes are conservative people feel, but also to bring the whole family Fitbit a high level of brand recognition.

Furthermore, Fitbit is one of the oldest wearable device supports all platforms, meaning that not only your iPhone, Android smartphone to support Fitbit of APP, including WindowsPhone phone, PC, MAC computer so supported. This is clearly so that more people can have Fitbit products.

Like Fitbit currently able to support all platforms as brand rarely, and only Microsoft and Garmin did, regrettably, Microsoft bracelet only in the futures market circulation, a goods hard to find, price Guc, and does not support Chinese; and Garmin At present, only Vivofit and Vivosmart, based on my previous long-term test, the accuracy of the data in the monitoring of Garmin is radicalism, and in terms of connectivity and user-friendly App is also unable to make much of a threat to the Fitbit.

You might want to tell me mention a good domestic market, Samsung GearFit, but the equipment support, it only supports Samsung’s own mobile phone, is one of the worst aspects of products compatible devices I’ve ever seen.

Through these figurative comparison, you can see the full platform support for a brand and popularity, especially in the early development of how important it is, it allows a small minority to the popular brand, and help enhance the awareness in this area.

May face threat

“Some of our competitors may be actively discounts to sell their products and services to get more market share, which could lead to pricing pressure, lower profit margins, loss of market share, or to put pressure on us to expand market share.” Fitbit also saw pressure from competitors.

Especially since AppleWatch market, people’s attention will focus on the smart watch, and a high degree of functional overlap Smart watches and smart bracelet, and a more interactive, which include Fitbit including wearable clearly emerging brands more threatening. While hopes for the new Fitbit Surge, but due to not fully listed, the market performance has yet to be verified.

Meanwhile, in the Chinese market, domestic brands of Fitbit constitute a more serious threat, such as Huawei, millet, ZTE, OPPO, etc., both in price and localization should be more competitive, especially in the first two. In the field of wearable, China has become second only to the US market, and the importance of the Chinese market, Fitbit’s self-evident, from the active distribution of China, the full range of brand distribution in the Chinese market can be seen. But localized marketing, it has some shortcomings.

Currently we can not know the specific time to market and further valuation Fitbit, and its biggest competitor in the field of fitness track Jawbone had sought $ 8 billion last year, valuation, but came to nothing. So, Fitbit can become the next $ 8 billion company, and even become billion dollar business?

No matter how many valuations, it has the potential to become the first official listing of wearable brand, but also to other wearable startups brand brings hope, but also created a very high standard and barriers to entry.

Graphene nanosheets or large-scale production can be brought for the aerospace subversion

Graphene nanosheets body of material for a lithium battery positive and negative electrode materials, electric vehicles as environmental protection and capacity expansion of market share, is expected to achieve large-scale production and use around the corner. AVIC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials industry’s first “graphene reinforced metal matrix composite material,” not only invented a new class of high-end metal matrix composites with excellent properties, the material or the future of aerospace vehicle will revolutionize change.
This article refers to the address: http: //www.eepw.com.cn/article/273668.htm

Graphene has many aerospace applications, and China Aviation Industry Group is the representative of Chinese forces in the field, and therefore its progress in the field of graphene often concern more people than the average R & D entities, what achievements they have made their What kind of research and development system, this reporter interviewed Contact Aviation Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials Industry graphene research team (hereinafter referred to Air Materiel hospital).

According to Air Materiel hospital team members, at present they have graphene nanosheets completely independent intellectual property rights of a full set of technology and mass produced and specialized equipment, the establishment of a capacity 100 t / year of graphene nanosheets fully automated production lines, get four layers The following graphene nanosheet, single rate greater than 90%, and having a great surface area and good dispersibility. On the basis for its application in the field of energy storage, preparation of a variety of environmental functionalized graphene, graphene comprising hydroxylated, carboxylated graphene, silver graphene, copper graphene, load the magnetic particles graphene semiconductor hybrid graphene like. We developed a variety of macroscopic graphene, including graphene fibers, sponge graphene, graphene airgel, graphene coaxial nanowires, graphene fabrics.

Graphene nanosheets or large-scale production can be brought for the aerospace subversion

Air Materiel hospital has prepared large quantities of high-quality chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technology and a full set of special equipment preparation completely independent intellectual property rights graphene film, breaking the source gas pressure and load matching, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) The reaction chamber temperature uniformity, transfer media and carrier matching, object graphene film compatibility and many other key technology to solve the domestic copper surface state matching and multi-die design and assembly problems, improve graphene product quality and production of the film, the maximum size of the graphene film obtained 300mm × 300mm, more than 93% transmittance, sheet resistance of 300-500 Euro, layers 1-5 layers and controllable, an annual one hundred thousand graphene film (300mm × 300mm) production capacity.

Moreover, in the conventional chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method, based on the preparation by the set of intellectual research, design and manufacture of large-scale production of graphene continuous film of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) prototype (Roll-to-roll device), the device continuous production of industrial graphene films can achieve unlimited length, as graphene film lay the foundation for large-scale production.

About graphene material in lithium battery applications, material hospital said in upgrading traditional lithium battery performance, based on independent research and development, production easily dispersed, large surface area, high-quality graphene nanosheets for aviation, aerospace and automobile the area of ​​demand for high energy storage density and high power density of the battery, developed a graphene modified LiFePO4 / liMnPO4 lithium-ion battery cathode material and graphite-modified lithium-ion battery anode material, graphene assembled lithium-ion battery typical test specimen graphene add significantly improve the energy density and power density of the lithium-ion battery, reducing the battery charge time, increases battery life, lithium-ion battery graphene exhibits excellent cycle characteristics.

Graphene in aerospace and has good prospects in this regard rewarding Air Materiel hospital.

Air Materiel hospital team members said a study based on aluminum-graphene material, graphene, high strength, high modulus characteristics, and hospital air material graphene powder to produce high quality, large specific surface area and ease of dispersion characteristics, successfully developed a 700MPa level and above graphene matrix composites, and elastic modulus of graphene over 95GPa aluminum composite profiles. Air Materiel hospital’s first “graphene reinforced metal matrix composite material,” not only invented a new class of high-end metal matrix composites with excellent properties, the material or the future of aerospace vehicles will bring about revolutionary change. For the first time using optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and other modern materials characterization methods for graphene reinforced metal matrix microstructure of the composites were characterized and tested for tensile properties. The results showed that: graphene nanosheets uniformly distributed in the aluminum alloy matrix, and the matrix to form a good bonding interface atomic scale, and graphene nanosheets and aluminum alloy matrix chemical reaction does not occur, and preserves the original structure of the nanosheets. For example, adding to the aluminum content of only 0.3% in graphene nano-sheet, yield strength and tensile strength reached 322MPa and 455MPa, representing not add aluminum graphene nanosheets were increased by 58% and 25% and elongation of the aluminum alloy is not reduced.

In addition to the above fields, material homes also a breakthrough. For example, material hospital research foundation based on aluminum and titanium-based graphene material, the use of ultra-high thermal conductivity properties of graphene, and the Air Materiel hospital graphene powder to produce high quality, large specific surface area and ease of dispersion characteristics, give full play to graphene thermal conductivity, to ensure process performance and linear expansion requirements at the same time, the successful production of a thermal conductivity of greater than 210 W / moK graphene electronic packaging materials, technical indicators compared to double, lifting three times the flexural strength, modulus of elasticity up to 50 %.

In addition, graphene reinforced aluminum, copper nanocomposites applied research on the wire and cable conductor pre graphene-based research foundation reinforced aluminum, copper nanocomposites for other aviation, aerospace and electronic fields UHF RF cable , extra high voltage cables and corrosion of the cable needs to carry out applied research of graphene in the field of wire and cable, with varying specifications of graphene reinforced aluminum, copper wires and cables and other typical samples, graphene can significantly improve cable materials strength, toughness and corrosion resistance properties.

Secondly, applications in other composite materials, environmental cleanup materials, etc., material hospital with a unique preparation technique, preparation of ultra-light graphene fiber toughened membrane, for toughening composite materials have extremely significant results; AVIC Air Materiel hospital developed a strong adsorption, high filtration graphene environment purification materials, air purification, oil treatment field has a strong value; AVIC hospital by air material graphene nanosheets modified, and through a special preparation process developed excellent performance of the graphene / polymer electrically and thermally conductive material, and the structure and function integrated device fabrication, and has broad application space in aviation, aerospace, electronics and other fields.

As a military group’s R & D organization, material research and development system and the general hospital companies will certainly have differences, according to its introduction, material hospital set up a cross-unit, multi-disciplinary research institutions graphene – graphene and application research center .

Air Materiel hospital graphene center by the project management, the establishment of a rapid response mechanism to reduce the layers of management. Air Materiel hospital graphene center consists of more than 30 doctorate-based research team composed of young researchers, professional fields covering physics, chemistry, materials, processes, characterization and evaluation, is an interdisciplinary professional height Fusion’s innovative research team, to facilitate innovation collision of ideas and set of intellectual research. Air Materiel hospital set up a special research and development of self-financing fund to provide the necessary financial support for the special study graphene, researchers on track to avoid the application of various types of scientific and technological research program resulting in a longer period and thus lose the research opportunities; and also by China Aviation Industry Group Innovation tilt the Fund’s resources, to the special aviation material graphene hospital provides supplementary funding for research. Air Materiel hospital in laboratory conditions and means of graphene research give priority support to set up a special security group, needed to quickly build and equipped laboratories and production lines of the plant, process equipment, raw materials and test conditions, to ensure that the basic research needs .

Finally, with regard to large-scale applications of graphene technology high-end technology, material hospital gives his own schedule: graphene film to replace indium tin oxide (ITO) transparent conductive film as a low-cost high-performance next generation of electronic products, with the the mobile phone market leading applications and, if made some breakthroughs, is expected to mass market will not be long.

Graphene nanosheets body of material for a lithium battery positive and negative electrode materials, electric vehicles as environmental protection and capacity expansion of market share, is expected to achieve large-scale production and use around the corner. Graphene nanosheets modified metal matrix composites as high-strength lightweight structural materials, and graphene nanosheets toughening resin matrix composites as structural – functional materials, with the development of the next generation of aircraft and engines in the near future can form large-scale production and application.

Sony’s 2014 exclusive global image sensor market share of 40%

While Sony mobile phones in general, notebook business has even sold out, but its strength is still not be underestimated. In addition to the familiar PS4, the performance of its sensor business is also very powerful. “Wall Street Journal” A recent survey shows that in 2014, 40% of Sony’s exclusive global image sensor market share.

Sony has been able to get such good results, the largest mobile phone sensor meritorious, most manufacturers flagship product from Sony cameras are even capable of producing their own sensors on some models, Samsung also used Sony’s sensor, as Apple mention.

The report shows that Apple sold one for each iPhone 6, Sony will earn $ 20 (really so much?).

5-5

It is understood that Sony will own business based on the priority level is divided into three levels, in which the sensor is in the top level. In February this year, Sony announced plans to invest nearly $ 892 million to expand the image sensor production capacity to meet the growing demand for mobile image sensor, the camera followed.

IBM CEO: Luo Rui Lan sees cloud computing and mobile technology

Served as IBM CEO three years, Luo Rui Lan (Ginni Rometty) have been attempts to reform mainframe and software business. She set his sights on faster growth markets, such as analysis, cloud computing and mobile technology.

But the growth of IBM’s many traditional business is very slow, and growth of new businesses is not enough. Since she took office in March 2012, IBM stock is down 9.6% over the same period the S & P 500 index rose 67%.

Luo Rui Lan supporters, Lebenthal Asset Management CEO James • Marylebone Saul said, “At present, IBM or break, Luo Rui Lan need to strike a balance between strategic goals and tactical action.” In an interview last month, Luo Rui Lan interview, said, “My duty is to strike a balance between IBM’s present and future.”

The difference is that with the former, Luo Rui Lan IBM will implement fundamental changes to enable it to compete effectively in the market there is no advantage. Luo Rui Lan goal is clear: 2018 over 40% of its revenue will come from the analysis of the enterprise market, cloud computing, network security, social networking and mobile technology, the percentage in 2014 was 27%.

Luo Rui Lan challenge is to revive IBM’s hardware business, such as a mainframe for the latest models of mobile business development. She said, “IBM’s hardware is the soul”, the reorganization hardware business is “one of the things she most remembered,” but “we can not hold on the past.”

In order to make the rapid growth of business revenues accounted for 40% of the target, Luo Rui Lan has been promoting the concept to its customers around the world and investors, employees refueling.

IBM has been providing to the business analysis techniques. Analysis technology is IBM’s strengths in “big data” Time This advantage will become more prominent. In addition, IBM is also involved in the mobile and network security.

Luo Rui Lan noted that the speed is very important, because the whole industry in rapid development, but the restructuring as a company the size of IBM is very complex. In 2012, the first letter to shareholders in an open letter, Luo Rui Miniature to “continuous transition” model. But the situation soon became clear, IBM in a number of important technological trends behind. IBM’s customers are beginning to allow employees to use mobile devices to work, the data processing and storage in the cloud service.

In order to accelerate the growth of cloud computing services, IBM spent $ 2 billion acquisition of cloud computing technology company SoftLayer, and invested $ 1.2 billion in building a data center.

Meanwhile, IBM also owns many industry insiders believe groundbreaking analytical techniques Watson. Despite a customer asked to buy Watson, many executives Watson’s proposed sale of hardware and software, but Luo Rui Lan denied the idea, offered to sell cloud services Watson. IBM and Memorial Sloan – Kettering Cancer Center in cooperation by Watson to provide patients with individualized treatment programs, which has become the basis for IBM’s Watson last week medical platform.

In 2013, Luo Rui Lan invest about $ 8 billion, in the high-growth markets acquired about 30 companies. Luo Rui Lan also stripped of four assets, and large-scale layoffs. In her tenure, IBM workforce reduction of 12% to 38 million.

Last year, Luo Rui Lan began with Tim? Cook (Tim Cook) Apple CEO to discuss cooperation matters, the first is the IBM business applications ported to the Apple iOS devices. Cook said he believes the Luo Rui Lan is right, “IBM now has been different from the past.”

Luo Rui Lan also cooperate in data analysis and Twitter, so that enterprises can analyze to tweet, find business leads. She also urged investors to be patient, warning that revenue next year will not have increased, partly due to the strong dollar and stripped hardware business.

IBM recently invested $ 3 billion set up networking business. IBM also reached an agreement with the Weather Channel, to provide enterprises with weather analysis services. Army this month said its logistics system will use IBM’s cloud services.